What is happening in Venezuela? PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 26 October 2016 20:02


Research Group of the Homeland Block

Caracas, Sunday, 23 October, 2016

  1. The Right wing won the majority in the National Assembly (NA) in December 2015.
  2. Its main objective since entering Parliament has been to overthrow President Nicolás Maduro.
  3. To that end, the Right took FOUR months debating which should be the method to oust the President, considering at least, the following:
    1. Demanding his resignation
    2. Indictment
    3. Declare his mental incapacity
    4. Nullify of the elections for being a Colombian citizen
    5. Amendment and/or constitutional reform to shorten the term
    6. Constituent Assembly
    7. Social pressure in the streets
    8. Recall referendum
  4. Recently, at the end of April, they decided to activate the process of requesting a recall.
    1. In activating this mechanism in April, and not in January, that was the halfway point of the constitutional presidential term, the Right did not have time to carry out the recall process in 2016, because the lapses prescribed in the legislation which regulates its activation and convocation; establish a process that lasts over 260 days.
    2. Holding this referendum in 2017,implies that if it is successful, the person who completes the ousted President’s term will be his Executive Vice-President, which means that a chavista will serve the remainder of the presidential term until 2019.
  5. During those months, the National Assembly decided to disregard the rulings of the Supreme Court of Justice which overruled their unconstitutional actions. Due to this contempt, the Supreme Court decided to annul all actions of the NA until it abides by Laws and respects the Constitution.
  6. Despite all of this, President Nicolás Maduro has always called the Opposition to national dialogue to solve conflicts in a political and peaceful manner.
    1. For these dialogues, he requested the facility of the UNASUR, with participation of former Presidents Rodríguez Zapatero, Martín Torrijos and Leonel Fernández.
    2. The Right set the condition of including the Vatican, which was immediately granted by President Maduro.
    3. All the attempts at dialogue have failed so far, due to the internal contradictions of the Opposition.
  7. To convene the referendum, the Right had to first collect 1% of the signatures of the Electoral List, with the aim of legitimizing the political organizations which promote the referendum. Having achieved this step, they had to collect 20% of the signatures of the List, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of Venezuela.
  8. The Right should have collected only 195,000 signatures to fulfill the required 1%, however, it submitted1,957,779 signatures to the National Electoral Council (CNE), which were audited by representatives of both the Rightwing and the Bolivarian Revolution, the results of which identified that no less than 605,727 signatures were fraudulent, among which were:
    • 10,995 deceased persons
    • 53,658 persons who were not registered in the Electoral List
    • 3,003 below the age of 18
    • 1,335 persons disqualified because of serious crimes (homicides, drug trafficking, robbery, fraud, sexual abuse)
    • More than 9,000 reports of identity theft were presented in all States.
  9. Although the CNE found these irregularities, admitted by the commission which designated the Right to review the signatures, it proceeded to convene the process of collection of 20% of the signatures for the 26, 27 and 28 October, on the condition that the fraudulent records would be subjected to a legal investigation.
  10. On Thursday, October 20, based on the reports made by affected citizens, seven national Courts from different States of Venezuela issued precautionary measures ordering the CNE to suspend all proceedings which were begun as a result of the collection of 1% of the signatures, due to evidence of massive identity theft.
    • In compliance with these court orders, the CNE suspended the collection of the 20% of signatures.
  11. The Right reacted by accusing the Government of President Maduro of carrying out a Coup, but avoided the responsibility of its leading role in the fraud of 1% of the signatures.
  12. On Sunday, October 23, the National Assembly held an extraordinary session, openly declaring itself in “contempt” and agreeing the following points:
    1. To declare that President Nicolás Maduro carried out a coup and broke constitutional order.
    2. To request the application of sanctions against Venezuela from all international bodies
    3. To denounce, in the International Criminal Court, the Members of the CNE and Judges who had suspended the recall process.
    4. To remove the Members of the CNE and the Magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice
    5. To decide on the alleged dual nationality of President Maduro, in order to remove him
    6. To decide on the abandonment of Office by President Maduro, in order to remove him
  13. Questions to consider:
    1. Who carried out the Coup against whom?
    2. The Right committed fraud in the collection of 1% of the signatures, and is the Government responsible for this?
    3. Does the Right seek to justify large scale foreign intervention, with the excuse of suspension of the recall and an alleged humanitarian crisis?
    4. Can a Parliament in contempt of court remove Electoral Members and Magistrates of the highest court in the country, only because they ensure compliance with the Constitution and they protect the entire nation from fraud against popular sovereignty?
    5. Is it not a coup d’état that the Parliament attempts to disregard all the authorities and the decisions of other Public Authorities, in addition to seeking their removal through unconstitutional means?
    6. During the session in the National Assembly, President Maduro was visiting OPEC and non-OPEC countries, negotiating an agreement to stabilize the international oil prices, the fundamental base of the Venezuelan economy. Is it not a case of coup-like action to seek the removal of a President for abandoning his post, when it is public knowledge that he is in full exercise of his functions as Head of State?
    7. The people in the street will defend their Constitution, their Revolution and their legitimate President.


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